## Solid State Devices ECE 606

Prof. Mark Lundstrom Spring 2013

## Course Description

Basic semiconductor physics:

- PN junction
- bipolar junction transistor (BJT)
- metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET)

Lecture notes and Video, Homework * solution*, Quiz answer,

**Exam solutions**

**Textbook**: *Semiconductor Device Fundamentals*, 2nd Edition (SDF) R.F. Pierret, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.

**Textbook****:** *Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals*, 2nd Edition (ASF)

R.F. Pierret, Pearson Education, Inc., 2003.

### Week 1: Introduction / Geometry of Crystals

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 10-17

Lecture 1: Introduction

Week1 Quiz1

Lecture 2: Geometry of Periodic Crystals

Week1 Quiz2

Week 1 Homework Assignment

Week 1 Homework Solutions

Week 1: References and Supplementary Information

Intro to S13

Supplementary Notes

### Week 2: Quantum Mechanics / Schrodinger Equation (ASF 22-45)

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp 22-45

Lecture 3: Elements of Quantum Mechanics

Quiz1

Lecture 4: Solution of Schrodinger Equation

Quiz2

Week 2 Homework Assignment

Week 2 Homework Solutions

Week 2: References and Supplementary Information

Quantum Mechanics Review

Notes on Solving the Wave Eq.

### Week 3: Energy Bands / Energy Bands in 3D Crystals

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 51-77

Lecture 5: Energy Bands

Quiz1

Lecture 6: Energy Bands (continued)

Quiz2

Lecture 7: Energy Bands in Real Crystals

Quiz3

Week 3: References and Supplementary Information

Energy Bands Review

**Exam 1: **

Exam 1 Goals

Exam 1 Results

Exam 1

Exam 1 Solutions

Key Equations

### Week 4: Density of States / Fermi-Dirac Statistics

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 88-105

Lecture 8: Density of States

Quiz1

Lecture 9: Fermi-Dirac Statistics

Quiz2

Week 4 Homework Assignment

Week 4 Homework Solutions

Week 4 Quiz Answers

Week 4: References and Supplementary Information

Notes on FD Integrals

DOS and Carrier Densities Review

### Week 5: Doping / Equilibrium Statistics / Carrier Conc.

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 101-118-128

Lecture 10: Additional Information

Week5 Quiz1

Lecture 11: Equilibrium Statistics

Week5 Quiz2

Lecture 12: Equilibrium Concentrations

Week5 Quiz3

Week 5 Homework Assignment

Week 5 Homework Solutions

Week 5: References and Supplementary Information

E-bands, Carrier Densities, and Eqn. of Motion Review

### Week 6: Recombination-Generation, Bulk and Surface

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 134-167

Lecture 13: Recombination-Generation

Quiz1

Lecture 14: Bulk Recombination

Quiz2

Lecture 15: Surface Recombination/Generation

Quiz3

Week 6 Quiz Answers

Week 6: References and Supplementary Information

Recombination Review

**Exam 2: **

Exam 2 Goals

Exam 2 Results

Exam 2

Exam 2 Solutions

Key Equations

### Week 7: Carrier Transport / Semiconductor Equations

Reading Assignment: Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 190-210

Lecture 16: Carrier Transport

Week7 Quiz1

Lecture 17: Hall Effect, Diffusion

Week7 Quiz2

Lecture 18: Continuity Equations

Week7 Quiz3

Lecture 19: Numerical Solution of Transport Equation

Week7 Quiz4

Week 7 Homework Assignment

Week 7 Homework Solutions

Week 7: References and Supplementary Information

Semiconductor Equations Review

### Week 8: PN and MS Diode Electrostatics / I-V Characteristics

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 195-259, 477-501

Lecture 20: Electrostatics of P-N Junction Diodes

Week8 Quiz1

Lecture 21: P-N Diode I-V Characteristics

Week8 Quiz2

Lecture 13a: Fermi Level Differences for Metals and Semiconductors

Lecture 25: Schottky Diode I

Week8 Quiz3

Lecture 26: Schottky Diode II

Week8 Quiz4

Week 8 Homework Assignment

Week 8 Homework Solutions

Week 8 Quiz Answers

Week 8: References and Supplementary Information

Notes on Exact PN Junction Electrostatics

Law of the Junction Revisited

Heterostructure Fundamentals

### Week 9: PN Junctions – non-ideal / AC Resp. / Trans

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 260-346

Lecture 22: Non-ideal Effects

Week9 Quiz1

Lecture 23: AC Response

Week9 Quiz2

Lecture 24: Large Signal Response

Week9 Quiz3

Week 9 Quiz Answers

Week 9: References and Supplementary Information

**Exam 3: **

Exam 3 Goals

Exam 3

Exam 3 Solutions

Exam 3 Results

Key Equations

### Week 10: Bipolar Transistors

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 371-433

Lecture 27: Introduction to Bipolar Transistors

Week10 Quiz1

Lecture 28: BJT Design I

Week10 Quiz2

Lecture 29: BJT Design II

Week10 Quiz3

Week 10 Homework Assignment

Week 10 Homework Solutions

Week 10: References and Supplementary Information

PN Junctions Review BJT Review

### Week 11: Heterojunctions and HBTs

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 371-429

Lecture 30: Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors I

NO QUIZ ASSIGNED FOR THIS LECTURE

Lecture 31: Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors II

NO QUIZ ASSIGNED FOR THIS LECTURE

**Exam 4: **

Exam 4 Goals

Key Equations

Exam 4

Exam 4 Solutions

Exam 4 Results

Week 11: References and Supplementary Information

Heterostructure Fundamentals

### Week 12: MOS Electrostatics

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 563-599

Lecture 32: MOS Electrostatics I

Week12 Quiz1

Lecture 33: MOS Electrostatics II

Week12 Quiz2

Lecture 34: MOSCAP Frequency Response

Week12 Quiz3

Week 12 Homework Assignment

Week 12 Homework Solutions

Week 12: References and Supplementary Information

Additional online lectures on MOS electrostatics:

Lecture 1: 1D MOS Electrostatics I

Lecture 2: 1D MOS Electrostatics II

Lecture 3: MOS Capacitors

### Week 13: MOSFETS: Ideal

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 611-637.

Lecture 35: MOSFET I-V Characteristics I

Week13 Quiz1

Lecture 36: MOSFET I-V Characteristics II

Week13 Quiz2

Week 13 Homework Assignment

Week 13 Homework Solutions

Week 13: References and Supplementary Information

MOS Electrostatics and FETs Review

Additional online lectures on MOSFET IV characteristics :

Lecture 5: MOSFET IV: Square law and bulk charge

Lecture 6: MOSFET IV: Velocity saturation

Lecture 11: Effective Mobility

### Week 14: MOSFETS: Nonideal

Reading Assignment: Semiconductor Device Fundamentals, 2nd ed., R.F. Pierret, pp. 645-683 and pp. 691-709.

Lecture 37a: Nonideal Effects in MOSFET I

Quiz1

Lecture 37b: Nonideal Effects in MOSFET II

Quiz2

Lecture 38: Modern MOSFET

Quiz3

**Exam 5: **

Exam 5 Goals

Key Equations

Exam 5

Exam 5 Solutions

Exam 5 Results

Week 14: References and Supplementary Information

Additional online lectures on MOS nonidealities:

Lecture 15: Series Resistance (and effective channel length)

Lecture 12: 2D Electrostatics

Lecture 4: Polysilicon Gates/QM Effects

Lecture 19: Device Variability

### Week 15: Course Wrap-up

Lecture 39: Reliability of MOSFET

Quiz1

Lecture 40: Looking Back and Looking Forward

Week 15: References and Supplementary Information

Excellent “American History” (PBS) episode on the history of Si Valley

Follow up article by Donald Christiansen Silicon Valley After Hours

**Exam 6: **

Exam 6 Goals

Key Equations

Exam 6

Exam 6 Solutions